”1 DECEMBRIE 1918” UNIVERSITY of ALBA IULIA
The Department of Modern Languages from The Faculty of History and Philology
The Centre for Research and Innovation in Linguistic Education C I E L
o r g a n i z e
THE 10th ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
Interdisciplinarity and Transdisciplinarity in Language, Literature, Pedagogy and Foreign Language Teaching Methodology
during the period May 28th -29th 2010
According to Dictionnaire encyclopédique de l’enseignement et de la formation (edited by Christiane Etévée and Phillippe Champy, Paris, Nathan, 1994, p. 561-563) “Interdisciplinarity calls for dialogue and the exchange of knowledge, analyses and methods between two or more disciplines. It implies interactions and a reciprocal improvement among more specialists”. Interdisciplinarity equally hints at the sciences and the humanities. Certain traditional disciplines such as philosophy, anthropology, mathematics, business, education, ecology, history could be considered more interdisciplinary than others. Other more recent branches such as cybernetics, the theory of systems and the media are also interdisciplinary. As a matter of fact, all the disciplines which are considered independent nowadays, were practiced by the old Greeks under the name of philosophy. Logic was practiced by Plato as philosophy and later on it was individualized by Aristotle, who practiced physics as cosmology. The only difference herein lies in methodological individualism. Consequently, modern disciplines are nothing else but the result of a specialization of the philosophical problems.
In the Middle Ages and in Classicism interdisciplinarity was still a reality, so that in the 19th century, the number of disciplines increased and vocational training became more important, this aspect being reinforced by the following century. Apparently, the notion of discipline is not dependent on historical reality, but on the exigence of university specialization.
In the 1980s this notion of interdisciplinarity regains ground. As soon as our outlook on the world evolves, the interdisciplinary approach is obviously imposed.
By promoting the research of interactions in the different fields of knowledge and their complementarity, interdisciplinarity engenders a certain openness of the mind. The notion of interdisciplinarity represents a type of approach, under different embodiments: complementarity (when two or more disciplines aim at a common objective), circulation (when a discipline uses, borrows or assimilates the concepts of another discipline), convergence (when a new discipline emerges as a result of cooperation of scientists belonging to different disciplinary fields) and divergence (when differing points of view address a certain issue).
Besides interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity is widely explored and often contested. The basic definition of transdisciplinarity seen as a means of creating and applying new knowledge, has been enriched by others such as: production of knowledge leading to the transgression of the scientific boundaries (Helga Nowotny); an enlarged frame of working, transcending the disciplinary limitations (Basarab Niculescu and Edgar Morin).
Transdisciplinary research is constantly developing. It also includes the cooperation within the scientific community and the dialogue, between the research field and society at large. Acoording to the Swiss Academy of Science not only does transdisciplinarity surpass the borders within scientific disciplines, but it also transgresses the boundaries between science and society, thus a dialogue between them is being entailed at the level of facts, applications and values.
Interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research allows for the identification of several major problems, which refer to language, methods, institutional and cognitive constraints. Each discipline has developed its own language; similarly, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity call for an adjustment and appropriation of the different uses of language, which might entail difficulties in conveying the results of the research.
Typically, academic disciplines are often committed to their own methods of investigation, which can lead to misunderstandings and disparities. The research centers and academic institutions, often organized according to disciplinary criteria, can represent an encumbrance in the interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research. Cognitive constraints are also a true stumbling block to interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary research, calling for an elaborate knowledge of several disciplines. To what extent can we speak about interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in language, literature and art throughout the centuries? What is the impact of interdisciplinarity on education, particularly upon institutionalizing interdisciplinary training programmes?
We invite papers on the following topics:
- Interdisciplinarity and / or transdisciplinarity in language: on the origin of words and their use in specialized languages, the different types of grammars, mathematical / computational linguistics, translation studies and practice.
- Interdisciplinarity and / or transdisciplinarity in literature: the meeting point between literature, literature - related fields and science and technology.
- Interdisciplinarity and / or transdisciplinarity in pedagogy and foreign language teaching methodology.
From a pedagogical point of view, the concept of interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity encompasses a wealth of notions: it establishes the existence of a common nexus for learning and a mutually shared culture. The desideratum of undergraduate studies is to empower students to acquire self-knowledge and ultimately to achieve engaged citizenship.
The conference is featuring the following keynote speakers:
Professor Giacomo FERRARI, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale "Amedeo Avogadro", Vercelli, Italy
Professor Stefan OLTEAN, ”Babeş-Bolyai” University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Dr. Svetlana KURTES, University of Cambridge, UK
Dr. Ewa RYCHTER, The Angelus Silesius State School of Higher Vocational Education in Wałbrzych, Poland
Professor Ligia - Stela FLOREA, ”Babeş-Bolyai” University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
We look forward to welcoming you in Alba Iulia!
HISTORY OF THE CONFERENCES ORGANIZED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES:
During the period 2000-2001, there were organized joint conferences by the Faculty of History and Philology of “1 Decembrie 1918” Univeristy of Alba Iulia. In 2002 The Department of Modern Languages from the Faculty of History and Philology set out the tradition of organizing international scientific conferences and ever since, there have been organizes annual international conferences on different topics of interest. This year`s conference thus reached its 10th edition. The papers have been included in the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, which also reached its 10th issue. The journal has an annual publication with two or even three issues per year. The online selected version of the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, can be consulted on www.uab.ro, link CNCSIS recognised reviews. The latest issues of the volume Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica (ISSN 1582-5523), became accredited by CNCSIS under the B+ category and indexed in the CEEOL international database, available electronically in the database www.ceeol.com.
The 1st international scientific conference Bicentenaire Victor Hugo, organized and sustained by the Department of Modern Languages from the Faculty of History and Philology in cooperation with ,,Babes – Bolyai” University from Cluj-Napoca took place in May 2002. Many researchers and professors from international and national universities (France, USA) participated with papers and lectures which were included in the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, no 4 / 2003.
In May 2003 The Department of Modern Languages organized the joint national conference “Zilele Universităţii 1 Decembrie 1918” of Alba Iulia in cooperation with the Department of Philology.
During the period 28th October – 01st November 2003, The Department of Modern Languages organizes its 2nd annual international conference. It was structured into two main sections whose topics were : Voyages for Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian) and Cultural Identities for Germanic languages (English, German). Linguistic problems were approached and included in the sections: Translation Studies and General Linguistics, athird section Language Teaching Methodology was also included. Numerous professors from many universities in the country took part in the conference and we may mention just a few: University ,,Al. I.Cuza” from Iaşi, University ,,Dunărea de Jos” from Galaţi, Academy of Music ,,Gheorghe Dima” from Cluj Napoca, Technical University from Cluj-Napoca, University ,,Babeş-Bolyai” from Cluj-Napoca, University of Piteşti, Petroleum – Gas University from Ploieşti, ,,Ştefan cel Mare” University from Suceava, West University from Timişoara, University Politehnica from Bucuresti, University of Târgovişte, ,,Petru Maior” University from Târgu Mureş, ,,Constantin Brâncuşi” University from Târgu Jiu; many professors from foreign universities also participated with their research in the field of philology : University of Nantes, France, State University of Chişinău, Republic of Moldavia, Belgrade University from Serbia, Shantou University from China, Zhejiang Wanli University from China. The papers delivered at the conference were published in Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica (ISSN 1582-5523), nr. 4, Tom 3, the journal published by The Department of Modern Languages.
The 2nd edition of the anuual international conference was organized in June 2004 with the collaboration of the Department of Philology.
On 28th -29th October 2004, the Department of Modern Languages organized the 4th edition of the annual international conference with the following sections:
Cultural Policies in a United Europe
Cultural Identities (II). The papers delivered at the symposium were included in the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica (ISSN 1582-5523), no. 6. Due to the high quality of the papers and the great number of participants, two volumes had to be issued Tom 1, containig papers written in French and other Romance languages and Tom 2, containing papers published in English and other Germanic languages. The 5th volume of Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, published in 2004 contains papers presented at the conference “Zilele Universităţii 1 Decembrie 1918” of Alba Iulia which was organized in june 2004.
The 5th international conference was organized on 5th – 6th November 2005 with the following sections:
Romance Languages: Hell in French Culture and Literature
Germanic Languages: Cultural and Literary Interferences
The papers were included in the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, no. 7, Tom 2 / 2006.
The topic of the 6th international conference organized on 27th – 28th October 2006 was Tradition and Innovation in United Europe from a Multicultural Perspective. The journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, no. 8, Tom 2 / 2007 contains the papers presented at 2006`s conference.
In 2007 the annual scientific conference organized by the Department of Modern Languages reached its 7th edition. It was organized during the period 15th -16th November and it was structured into two main sections:
De l'absurde du monde à l'absurde du théâtre: le centenaire Alfred JARRY (Romance Languages).
CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) (Germanic Languages).
The sections of the symposium were:
Language Teaching Methodology
The languages of the symposium were: English, French, German, Romanian. The papers included in the volume were written in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish. The papers were included in the journal Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, no. 9 / 2008.
Starting with 2008 the organization period has been changed, thus the 8th edition of the annual international symposium was organized in 13-14 June with a common topic for both Romance and Germanic languages: Regional and / or Universal in language and literature.
The 2009 edition of the international symposium organized by the Department of Modern Languages was held during the period 22- 23 May. The topic of the conference was Challenges in Language, Literature and Arts at the Beginning of the 21st Century. The round tables, lectures delivered and debates were focused on the following themes:
1. Trends in the linguistic and philological research at the beginning of the century:
- Interdisciplinarity and its implications in philological research;
- The position of literature;
- Redefining creativity and technical, scientifical and artistic innovation with a view to involving the young generation in participating actively to the construction of society based on knowledge.
2. Writers of the beginning of the century
They can be included in at least two categories: the ones which reached their creative maturity during the last part of previous century and who are still writing and, of course, the new talents.
What does literature propose at the beginning of the century?
- Modern disciplines; the immediate and distant consequences caused by the loss of interest in the humanities.
- Perspectives provided by education at the beginning of the 21st century; the place and role of foreign languages; new learning – teaching techniques and strategies;
The great number of papers presented within the symposium accounts for the publication of two volumes Annales Universitatis Apulensis, Series Philologica, no. 10 / 2009 and the volumes Proceedings of the Conference Challenges in Language, Literature and Arts at the Beginning of the 21st Century – Germanic Languages as well as Proceedings of the Conference Challenges in Language, Literature and Arts at the Beginning of the 21st Century – Romance Languages. The publication of the volumes Proceedings was sustained financially by ANCS under the contract 27 M/ 21. 04. 2009.